Customs and traditions
It is common to health by shaking hands, and
there are unspoken rules on how to do it. When two
people meet, the younger person is expected to wait
until the older man initiates a handshake. If you know
each other, it is common to greet each other with a hug
or a kiss. Czechs rarely touch each other when they meet
and talk, unless they know each other well.
Czechs are usually welcoming to guests but it is
important with respect and courtesy when greeting and
talking. This is especially true of the elderly. Adults
you do not know should be addressed to you, as long as
the other person does not say anything else. You tell
family members, good friends and children.
Overview of the capital city of Czech Republic, including information about its population, economy, geography, history and map.
It is naughty to cough or yawn without holding your
mouth, or chewing gum when talking to another person.
This also applies to the rules of etiquette to offer
older people a seat on the bus or tram.
You can talk about most things depending on how well
you know each other. As visitors from another country,
it may be wise to avoid expressing your views on Czech
politics or on the former communist system, if you do
not know what views you are talking to. Humor has a
central place in culture, often a raw humor that can
sometimes be vulgar and have racist features.
Workplaces and business meetings
Punctuality is important in workplaces and meetings.
The clothing style in Czech offices is formal even
though it is changing. The larger a company or
organization is and the higher an official is, the more
formal one gets dressed. Older people who grew up during
the communist era are also more formal than younger
ones, both in terms of attitude and attire. Men often
wear dark suits, and women have skirts, blouses and a
blazer that can be in lighter colors. Managers and
colleagues are most often not addressed with you, but
with Mr / Mrs, the professional title or the academic
title. The label belongs to say goodbye when you come to
the workplace, for example "Good morning Mrs. NN". Most
workplaces have a hierarchical structure, but modern
companies with younger owners often have a more relaxed
Working overtime to complete a work to the deadline
is unusual, so delays occur even though most people
assume that the work will be done within the appointed
time. In some workplaces there is a legacy left over
from the communist era in the form of lower labor rates
and poorer work ethics.
It facilitates having good personal relationships
with workmates, not just a professional relationship. If
you are going to start a business collaboration, it is
also good to first make a friendly contact and get to
know each other before you start talking job. Being
friendly and nice and taking the initiative for lunch or
coffee can be a good start.
Women, on the one hand, are discriminated against in
the labor market with lower wages and higher
unemployment, but are treated superficially with special
respect. Both on and off the workplace, a man is
expected to hold the door of a woman and help her with
the coat. If you are invited to a family home, it
belongs to the label to give the hostess flowers.
Czech cuisine has been influenced by the different
kingdoms that have ruled the area and the surrounding
regions. The German influences are large, and there is
also a clear influence from Hungary and other parts of
Czech food is quite heavy with lots of meat,
intestinal food, potatoes, sauce and dumplings (a kind
of body cake made from potatoes, flour and eggs). A
typical dish is ham with dumplings and sauerkraut. The
food is usually cooked with butter and cream. Various
soups on meat, intestines, vegetables and mushrooms are
often served as an appetizer for lunch or dinner.
When it comes to fish, freshwater fish are the most
common carp or trout, which are usually grown in
artificial lakes. The vegetables that are traditionally
served are usually only carrots, cabbage and peas. Salad
used to only be eaten in the summer when it was season
for cucumbers and tomatoes, but has now become more
common throughout the year. It is tradition to eat
breaded fried carp on Christmas Eve. You buy the fish a
few days before Christmas and then keep it alive in the
bathtub until Christmas Eve comes. On Christmas Day,
many roast turkey eats.
A Czech breakfast usually consists of coarse bread
with butter and cheese, sausage or ham, and to it eggs,
yogurt and coffee or tea. Sweets are popular. The
typical dessert is fruit dumpling, which are round
dumplings made from a sweet dough and filled with plums,
apricots or other fruit and with icing sugar and melted
butter on top. The German apple pie apple strudel is
also common, as are stuffed crepes.
A common snack if you go to town is obložené
chlebíčky, sandwiches with various toppings sold in
small shops and often eaten on the go. Koláče is another
Czech specialty you can buy at bakeries, it is a bun
filled with, for example, cheese or jam.
Czech beer is world-renowned and the Czechs are among
the world's largest beer consumers. It was in Bohemia
(now the Czech Republic) that the first pilsner, light
lager beer, was created in 1842 in the city of Plzeň (Pilsen
in German). There are plenty of breweries with beer
beverages and even microbreweries in some restaurants.
In addition to May 1, the Czechs have several
national holidays. On January 1, in addition to New
Year's Day, the founding of the independent Czech state
is celebrated. May 8 is a holiday commemorating the
liberation of then-Czechoslovakia by the Allied armies
in 1945. On September 28, the Czech state and the
identity of National Saint Prince Václav's death day 935
are celebrated. He was murdered by his brother and
declared saint. The founding of the independent
Czechoslovak state is celebrated on October 28 and is
the most important holiday. The day of the fight for
freedom and democracy is celebrated on 17 November.
The Czech Republic also has its own Christian
holidays, except Christmas and Easter. July 5 is the day
of the Slavic apostles Cyril and Methodius. The next
day, July 6, is a holiday in memory of religious reform
leader Jan Hus.
The road and rail network is well developed,
thanks in large part to EU support. Of the road network
of just over 13,000 kilometers, around one-twentieth
consists of highways and motor traffic routes. From
Prague, motorways go to the German border and via Brno
to the border with Slovakia. Another motorway runs from
Brno to the third largest city of Ostrava, near the
border with Poland.
The number of passenger cars has increased
significantly since the late 1980s. Freight transport
through the Czech Republic has also increased, not least
after the EU accession in 2004. Fees for heavy traffic
on the roads have been gradually introduced. There are
tolls for all traffic on motorways and motorways.
Approximately one third of the rail network of almost
1,000 kilometers is electrified. In the 1990s, train
traffic cuts were made, but the strong railway trade
union has subsequently succeeded in stopping plans for
the closure of several unprofitable lines. In 2011, the
railroad was deregulated. In Prague there are both trams
River transport is now relatively insignificant.
Domestic flights are also limited because the country is
small, but the national airline Czech Airlines (CSA) has
traffic to most European capitals and to other
continents. Airports can be found in, among others,
Prague (Václav Havel Airport, formerly Ruzyně), Brno,
Karlovy Vary and Ostrava. Alongside CSA are privately
owned low cost airlines.